Reactive Power Control in Electric Systems. Published in: Electronics and Power (Volume: 29, Issue: , July-August ). Article #. Page(s): A unified approach to the fundamental principles and practices of reactive power control in AC power systems. Emphasizes voltage control, variable loads, and. Download [] Reactive Power Control in Electric Systems.

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These relationships are shown graphically in Figures 16, 17, and But we don’t have purely sinusoidal wave forms, especially when we compensate reactive power, since in compensating the fundamental we may be left only with harmonics, sometimes larger than the original values. They tend to line under heavy loading.

Of course, there also remains the question of how much, if any, reactive power should be obtained from the synchronous generators themselves. The internal reactance of the terminal nchronous machines would tend to cause this voltage to be higher, and may be desirable to employ shunt reactors to limit it, as well as to reeve the generators of some of the reactive power absorption. Typical of loads requiring compensation are arc furnaces, induction furnaces, arc welders, induction welders, steel rolling mills, mine winders, very large motors particularly eelctric which start and stop frequentlyopencast excavators, wood chip mills, and high-energy physics experiments e.

Reactive power control, which is the theme of the book, has grown in importance for a number of reasons which are briefly as follows.

Please verify that you are not a robot. For examle, feedback signals can be used in the automatic voltage regulators of onous machines to enhance the stability and enable an increase in transmission.

Reactive power control in electric systems (eBook, ) []

The name field is required. The compensator can be modeled as a variable impedance; or as a variable source or sink of reactive current; or as a variable source or sink of reactive t.j.e.muller. Although these aspects of reactive power have long been recognized, they have recently acquired increased importance for at least two reasons: Em 6 2 At eleftric stage it is not of interest to interpret s as an equivalent degree of series compensation.

An Example of a Modern Static Compensator. The reactive load line is shown in Figure 8b. Simplified Equivalents, 4. T J E Miller Find more information about: Fundamental Theory of Compensation Voltage regulation can be defined as reacctive proportional yb per-unit change in supply voltage magnitude associated with a defined change in powfr current e. The third main concern in load compensation is load balarzcing.

In reality the lumped nature of series capacitors makes them unsuitable for line voltage control. The authors are all practising power-system engineers who have had a total of many decades of experience in the technologies related to reactive power. General Nature of the nicker Problem, 3. Flicker and Principles of Its Compensation, 3. This might be called conzpetzsation by sectionitrg. The slower switches would not be fast enough to impact the first swing voltage dip.

Reactive power control in electric systems

T.j.s.miller of contents Theory of Load Compensation. Digital Library Federation, December Fundamental Theory of Compensation Y 1. And no matter how we shift the voltage, there is no direct way we can find any reactive power.

Effect of dynamtc reactive compensation on voltage and electrc angle swings. The Ideal Compensating Admittance Network, 32 9. In the next section the effects of voltage variations are examined, and we find out what extra features the ideal compensator must have to perform satisfactorily when both the load and the supply system parameters can vary. Indeed, in some instances, especially those where load fluctuations are slow or infrequent, a compensator designed for power-factor correction or phase-balancing is not t.j.e.miloer to electroc any specific voltage regulating function.

This implies that the synchronous machine could, in the steady state, be replaced by a capacitor or a reactor. Principles of Operation, 3. All three types of compensation may be used together in a single ansmission line. Sometimes, so-called negative damping influences can prevail, causing the postdisturbance oscillation to grow until one or more generators loses synchronism.

Reactive Power Control in Electric Systems

In practice lumped capacitors are installed at a small number of locations typically one or two along the line. This book does not attempt to set out hard-and-fast rules for the application of any particular type of equipment, and in particular the authors accept no responsibility for any adverse consequences arising out of the interpretation of material in the book. In the left half of th line the charging current is negative; at the midpoint it is zero; and in th right half it is positive.

Some of these curves are drawn in Figure 20b. It remains connected until the power transfer reaches 0.